Android build failed on 2021 LTS

Include the following details (edit as applicable):

  • Issue category: Unity Example Package
  • Device type & OS version: Android
  • Host machine & OS version: Windows 10
  • Issue Environment : Unity
  • ARDK version: 2.3
  • Unity version: 2021.3.12

Description of the issue:

Configure project :launcher
WARNING: The option setting ‘android.enableR8=false’ is deprecated.
It will be removed in version 5.0 of the Android Gradle plugin.
You will no longer be able to disable R8
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\build-tools\30.0.2\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platform-tools\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platforms\android-29\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platforms\android-30\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\tools\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only

Task :launcher:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:preReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:preReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseAidl NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseAidl NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseResValues UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:javaPreCompileRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseResValues UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:createReleaseCompatibleScreenManifests UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:extractDeepLinksRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:prepareLintJar UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:extractDeepLinksRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseLibraryResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:parseReleaseLocalResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:javaPreCompileRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:prepareLintJarForPublish UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseShaders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:desugarReleaseFileDependencies UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseShaders NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:checkReleaseDuplicateClasses UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeExtDexRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseShaders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseShaders NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:processReleaseJavaRes NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:collectReleaseDependencies UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:sdkReleaseDependencyData UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:validateSigningRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseAssets
Task :unityLibrary:processReleaseJavaRes NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibResRelease NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseNativeLibs UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:stripReleaseDebugSymbols UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:copyReleaseJniLibsProjectOnly UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseAssets
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseJavaResource UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseNativeLibs UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:processReleaseManifest
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseRFile UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseJavaWithJavac UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibCompileToJarRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibRuntimeToJarRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:stripReleaseDebugSymbols
Task :launcher:processReleaseManifest
Task :launcher:processReleaseResources FAILED
40 actionable tasks: 6 executed, 34 up-to-date

UnityEngine.GUIUtility:ProcessEvent (int,intptr,bool&)

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

  • What went wrong:
    Execution failed for task ‘:launcher:processReleaseResources’.

A failure occurred while executing com.android.build.gradle.internal.tasks.Workers$ActionFacade
Android resource linking failed
C:\Users\led1.gradle\caches\transforms-2\files-2.1\3d1b13a857e40c43266a99844bd8d18d\nar-dependencies\AndroidManifest.xml:28:9-30:40: AAPT: error: unexpected element found in .

 C:\Users\led1\.gradle\caches\transforms-2\files-2.1\3d1b13a857e40c43266a99844bd8d18d\nar-dependencies\AndroidManifest.xml:28:9-30:40: AAPT: error: unexpected element <uses-native-library> found in <manifest><application>.
  • Try:
    Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output. Run with --scan to get full insights.

  • Get more help at https://help.gradle.org

BUILD FAILED in 1s
Picked up JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS: -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8

UnityEngine.GUIUtility:ProcessEvent (int,intptr,bool&)

CommandInvokationFailure: Gradle build failed.
C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\OpenJDK\bin\java.exe -classpath “C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\Tools\gradle\lib\gradle-launcher-6.1.1.jar” org.gradle.launcher.GradleMain “-Dorg.gradle.jvmargs=-Xmx4096m” “assembleRelease”

Environment Variables:
USERDOMAIN = DESKTOP-5NCG4VR
ProgramFiles = C:\Program Files
TMP = C:\Users\led1\AppData\Local\Temp
PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE = AMD64
PROCESSOR_REVISION = 9702
OS = Windows_NT
ALLUSERSPROFILE = C:\ProgramData
PROCESSOR_IDENTIFIER = Intel64 Family 6 Model 151 Stepping 2, GenuineIntel
CHROME_CRASHPAD_PIPE_NAME = \.\pipe\crashpad_14312_OACEFRDAJXMPMMKW
ProgramW6432 = C:\Program Files
USERPROFILE = C:\Users\led1
JAVA_HOME = C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\OpenJDK
CommonProgramFiles = C:\Program Files\Common Files
DriverData = C:\Windows\System32\Drivers\DriverData
ComSpec = C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe
PSModulePath = C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules;C:\Windows\system32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\Modules
PUBLIC = C:\Users\Public
USERNAME = led1
NUMBER_OF_PROCESSORS = 20
JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS = -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8
HOMEDRIVE = C:
TEMP = C:\Users\led1\AppData\Local\Temp
Path = C:\Windows\system32;C:\Windows;C:\Windows\System32\Wbem;C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0;C:\Windows\System32\OpenSSH;C:\Program Files (x86)\NVIDIA Corporation\PhysX\Common;C:\Program Files\NVIDIA Corporation\NVIDIA NvDLISR;C:\Users\led1\AppData\Local\Microsoft\WindowsApps;C:\Users\led1\AppData\Local\gitkraken\bin
COMPUTERNAME = DESKTOP-5NCG4VR
PATHEXT = .COM;.EXE;.BAT;.CMD;.VBS;.VBE;.JS;.JSE;.WSF;.WSH;.MSC
SystemDrive = C:
windir = C:\Windows
HOMEPATH = \Users\led1
CommonProgramFiles(x86) = C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files
APPDATA = C:\Users\led1\AppData\Roaming
OneDrive = C:\Users\led1\OneDrive
PROCESSOR_LEVEL = 6
CommonProgramW6432 = C:\Program Files\Common Files
ProgramFiles(x86) = C:\Program Files (x86)
SystemRoot = C:\Windows
SESSIONNAME = Console
LOGONSERVER = \DESKTOP-5NCG4VR
LOCALAPPDATA = C:\Users\led1\AppData\Local
__COMPAT_LAYER = DetectorsAppHealth
USERDOMAIN_ROAMINGPROFILE = DESKTOP-5NCG4VR
ProgramData = C:\ProgramData
ORIGINAL_XDG_CURRENT_DESKTOP = undefined

stderr[

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

  • What went wrong:
    Execution failed for task ‘:launcher:processReleaseResources’.

A failure occurred while executing com.android.build.gradle.internal.tasks.Workers$ActionFacade
Android resource linking failed
C:\Users\led1.gradle\caches\transforms-2\files-2.1\3d1b13a857e40c43266a99844bd8d18d\nar-dependencies\AndroidManifest.xml:28:9-30:40: AAPT: error: unexpected element found in .

 C:\Users\led1\.gradle\caches\transforms-2\files-2.1\3d1b13a857e40c43266a99844bd8d18d\nar-dependencies\AndroidManifest.xml:28:9-30:40: AAPT: error: unexpected element <uses-native-library> found in <manifest><application>.
  • Try:
    Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output. Run with --scan to get full insights.

  • Get more help at https://help.gradle.org

BUILD FAILED in 1s
Picked up JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS: -Dfile.encoding=UTF-8
]
stdout[

Configure project :launcher
WARNING: The option setting ‘android.enableR8=false’ is deprecated.
It will be removed in version 5.0 of the Android Gradle plugin.
You will no longer be able to disable R8
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\build-tools\30.0.2\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platform-tools\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platforms\android-29\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\platforms\android-30\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only
Exception while marshalling C:\Program Files\Unity\Hub\Editor\2021.3.12f1c2\Editor\Data\PlaybackEngines\AndroidPlayer\SDK\tools\package.xml. Probably the SDK is read-only

Task :launcher:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:preReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:preReleaseBuild UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseAidl NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseAidl NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseRenderscript NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseResValues UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:javaPreCompileRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseResValues UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:createReleaseCompatibleScreenManifests UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:extractDeepLinksRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:prepareLintJar UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:extractDeepLinksRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseLibraryResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:parseReleaseLocalResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseBuildConfig UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:javaPreCompileRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:prepareLintJarForPublish UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseResources UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseShaders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:desugarReleaseFileDependencies UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseShaders NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:checkReleaseDuplicateClasses UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeExtDexRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseShaders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:compileReleaseShaders NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:generateReleaseAssets UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:processReleaseJavaRes NO-SOURCE
Task :launcher:collectReleaseDependencies UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:sdkReleaseDependencyData UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:validateSigningRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:packageReleaseAssets
Task :unityLibrary:processReleaseJavaRes NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibResRelease NO-SOURCE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseJniLibFolders UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:mergeReleaseNativeLibs UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:stripReleaseDebugSymbols UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:copyReleaseJniLibsProjectOnly UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseAssets
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseJavaResource UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:mergeReleaseNativeLibs UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:processReleaseManifest
Task :unityLibrary:generateReleaseRFile UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:compileReleaseJavaWithJavac UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibCompileToJarRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :unityLibrary:bundleLibRuntimeToJarRelease UP-TO-DATE
Task :launcher:stripReleaseDebugSymbols
Task :launcher:processReleaseManifest
Task :launcher:processReleaseResources FAILED
40 actionable tasks: 6 executed, 34 up-to-date
]
exit code: 1
UnityEditor.Android.Command.WaitForProgramToRun (UnityEditor.Utils.Program p, UnityEditor.Android.Command+WaitingForProcessToExit waitingForProcessToExit, System.String errorMsg) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.Command.Run (System.Diagnostics.ProcessStartInfo psi, UnityEditor.Android.Command+WaitingForProcessToExit waitingForProcessToExit, System.String errorMsg) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.Command.Run (System.String command, System.String args, System.String workingdir, UnityEditor.Android.Command+WaitingForProcessToExit waitingForProcessToExit, System.String errorMsg) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.AndroidJavaTools.RunJava (System.String args, System.String workingdir, System.Action1[T] progress, System.String error) (at <f87ed6a5fa684ce19232b3ecf05a43a3>:0) UnityEditor.Android.GradleWrapper.Run (UnityEditor.Android.AndroidJavaTools javaTools, Unity.Android.Gradle.AndroidGradle androidGradle, System.String workingdir, System.String task, System.Action1[T] progress) (at :0)
Rethrow as GradleInvokationException: Gradle build failed
UnityEditor.Android.GradleWrapper.Run (UnityEditor.Android.AndroidJavaTools javaTools, Unity.Android.Gradle.AndroidGradle androidGradle, System.String workingdir, System.String task, System.Action`1[T] progress) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.Tasks.BuildGradleProject.Execute (UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.PostProcessorContext context) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.PostProcessRunner.RunAllTasks (UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.PostProcessorContext context) (at :0)
Rethrow as BuildFailedException: Exception of type ‘UnityEditor.Build.BuildFailedException’ was thrown.
UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.CancelPostProcess.AbortBuild (System.String title, System.String message, System.Exception ex) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.PostProcessRunner.RunAllTasks (UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessor.PostProcessorContext context) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.PostProcessAndroidPlayer.PostProcess (UnityEditor.Modules.BuildPostProcessArgs args, AndroidPlayerBuildProgram.Data.AndroidPlayerBuildProgramOutput buildProgramOutput) (at :0)
UnityEditor.Android.AndroidBuildPostprocessor.PostProcess (UnityEditor.Modules.BuildPostProcessArgs args, UnityEditor.BuildProperties& outProperties) (at :0)
UnityEditor.PostprocessBuildPlayer.Postprocess (UnityEditor.BuildTargetGroup targetGroup, UnityEditor.BuildTarget target, System.Int32 subtarget, System.String installPath, System.String companyName, System.String productName, System.Int32 width, System.Int32 height, UnityEditor.BuildOptions options, UnityEditor.RuntimeClassRegistry usedClassRegistry, UnityEditor.Build.Reporting.BuildReport report) (at :0)
UnityEngine.GUIUtility:ProcessEvent(Int32, IntPtr, Boolean&)